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Auxin and Auxinic Herbicide Mechanism(s) of Action - Part 2 - Advanced

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The selective control of broadleaf weeds in cereal grain crops by auxinic herbicides has made this group one of the most widespread and important herbicide families in use. These herbicides are thought to act as hormone mimics. This lesson will detail how these herbicides are related structurally and physiologically to the natural plant hormone, auxin (indole-3-acetic acid; IAA) and explain the biochemical mechanisms which may be involved in their action. The mechanism of cell to cell transport and cellular uptake of auxins will be reviewed as well as how they cause cell elongation and induce ethylene biosynthesis. Receptors, signal transduction pathways and changes in gene expression for the natural hormone, IAA, will be described and related their role in auxinic herbicide activity.

Auxin and Auxinic Herbicide Mechanism(s) of Action - Part 2 - Advanced -Overview and Objectives

Tracy M. Sterling
Department of Entomology, Plant Pathology and Weed Science at New Mexico State University, USA
Deana Namuth
Department of Agronomy and Horticulture at University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
2004

Peer Reviewed Web Lesson JNRLSE Approved 2004


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Overview:

The selective control of broadleaf weeds in cereal grain crops by auxinic herbicides has made this group of herbicides one of the most widespread and important herbicide families in use. These herbicides are thought to act as hormone mimics. This lesson will detail how these herbicides are related structurally and physiologically to the natural plant hormone, auxin (indole-3-acetic acid; IAA) and explain the biochemical mechanisms which may be involved in their action. The mechanism of cell to cell transport and cellular uptake of auxins will be reviewed as well as how they cause cell elongation and induce ethylene biosynthesis. Receptors, signal transduction pathways and changes in gene expression for the natural hormone, IAA, will be described and related to auxinic herbicide activity.

Objectives:

At the completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  1. Explain the importance of the plant hormone, auxin, in plant growth and development and describe how auxinic herbicides mimic auxin.
  2. Describe mechanisms of auxin transport across cell membranes and from cell to cell.
  3. Explain auxin-induced cell elongation or the Acid Growth Hypothesis.
  4. Understand the probable sequence of receptor recognition and signal transduction involved in auxin and auxinic herbicide activity.
  5. Describe the changes in gene expression induced by auxins and the species-specific role of ethylene and hydrogen cyanide in auxinic herbicide damage.




Development of this lesson was supported in part by the Cooperative State Research, Education, & Extension Service, U.S. Dept of Agriculture under Agreement Number 00-34416-10368 administered by Cornell University and the
American Distance Education Consortium (ADEC) and the New Mexico State University Agric. Exp. Stn.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. This manuscript has been assigned Journal Series No. 03-10, College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska.

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