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European Corn Borer and Bacillus thuringiensis

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References

Agbios. 2004. Now (2013) housed at: http://cera-gmc.org/index.php?action=gm_crop_database


Biopesticides Registration Action Document: Bt Plant-Incorporated Protectants United States Environmental Protection Agency. October 15, 2001. http://www.epa.gov/oppbppd1/biopesticides/pips/bt_brad2/1-overview.pdf

Deacon, Jim. 2001. The Microbial World: Bacillus thuringiensis. University of Edinburgh, UK.
archive.bio.ed.ac.uk/jdeacon/microbes/bt.htm

Hoffmann, M.P. and A.C. Frodsham. 1993. Natural Enemies of Vegetable Insect Pests. Cooperative Extension, Cornell University. Ithaca, NY. 63 pp. http://www.biocontrol.entomology.cornell.edu/pathogens/bacteria.html

Holt, John G., and Peter H.A. Sheath., eds. 1984. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology New York. vol. 2, 1106-114, 1135 pp.

Hunt, T.E. and G.W. Echtenkamp. 2002. Resistance Management for European Corn Borer and Bt Transgenic Corn: Refuge Design and Placement. Nebraska Cooperative Extension NebFacts NF00-425.

Kelly Registration Systems. 2004. http://www.kellysolutions.com/ne/searchbyproductname.asp

Losey, J.E., L.S. Rayor, and M.E. Carter. 1999. Transgenic pollen harms monarch larvae. Nature. 399, pp 214.

Madigan, Michael T., John M. Martinko, and Jack Parker. 2000. Brock Biology of Microorganisms. 9th ed. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc. 508-509 pp.

Mason, C.E., M.E. Rice, D.D. Calvin, J.W. Van Duyn, W.B. Showers, W.D. Hutchison, J.F. Witkowski, R.A. Higgins, D.W. Onstad, and G.P. Dively. 1996. European Corn Borer: Ecology and Management. Ames: Iowa State University, Pub. 327 North Central Regional Extension Publication.

Mendelsohn, M., J. Kough, Z. Vaituzis, and K. Matthews. 2003. Are Bt Crops Safe? Nature Biotechnology. 21:9. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/biopesticides/pips/are_bt_crops_safe.pdf

Michigan State University Extension, Vanburen County IPM. 1997.

National Corn Growers Association, Know Before You Grow.  2005.  http://www.ncga.com/biotechnology/Search_hybrids/know_where.asp

Ramirez-Rocha, J. and T.M. Hurley. 2004. Who is Planting GM Crops and Why? The Thoughts and Experiences of Minnesota Farmers. University of Minnesota.

Reardon, R., N. Dubois, and W. McLane. 1994. Bacillus thuringiensis for Managing Gypsy Moth: A review. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. FHM-NC-01-94. http://www.fs.fed.us/na/morgantown/fhp/gmoth/gm_news47/art2.htm

Schneider, K.R. 2002. Genetically Modified Organisms. University of Florida Cooperative Extension. FSHN02-2. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/FS/FS08400.pdf

Segarra, A.E. and J.M. Rawson. 2001. StarLink Corn Controversy: Background. CRS Report for Congress.
http://www.cnie.org/nle/crsreports/agriculture/ag-101.cfm

Sloderbeck, Phil. 2004. Current Status of Bt Corn Hybrids. Kansas State Research and Extension. Manhattan: Kansas State University. http://www.oznet.ksu.edu/swao/Entomology/Bt_Folder/Bt%20Corns.html

1Transgenic Crops: An Introduction and Resource Guide. Colorado State University. 2004. http://www.colostate.edu/programs/lifesciences/TransgenicCrops/antibiosoil.html

2Transgenic Crops: An Introduction and Resource Guide. Colorado State University. 2004. http://www.colostate.edu/programs/lifesciences/TransgenicCrops/current.html#Bt

3Transgenic Crops: An Introduction and Resource Guide. Colorado State University. 2004. http://www.colostate.edu/programs/lifesciences/TransgenicCrops/hotmonarch.html

4Transgenic Crops: An Introduction and Resource Guide. Colorado State University. 2004. http://www.colostate.edu/programs/lifesciences/TransgenicCrops/soilleak.html

Willie, Bonnie. Accessed: July, 2001. The Natural Insecticide. http://gardenline.usask.ca/pests/bt.html

Witkowski, J.F., J.L. Wedberg, K.L. Steffey, P.E. Sloderbeck, B.D. Siegfried, M.E. Rice, C.D. Pilcher, D.W. Onstad, C.E. Mason, L.C. Lewis, D.A. Landis, A.J. Keaster, F. Huang, R.A. Higgins, M.J. Haas, M.E. Gray, K.L. Giles, J.E. Foster, P.M. Davis, D.D. Calvin, L.L. Buschman, P.C. Bolin, B.D. Barry, D.A. Andow & D.N. Alstad. 1997. Bt Corn & European Corn Borer: Long-Term Success Through Resistance Management. In K.R. Ostlie, W.D. Hutchison, & R. L. Hellmich eds. University of Minnesota Cooperative Extension. BU-07055-GO. http://www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/cropsystems/DC7055.html

Witkowski, John and Robert Wright. 1997. The European Corn Borer: Biology & Management. http://entomology.unl.edu/ecb/ecb1.htm#Item1

1Wright, R.J., S.D. Danielson, J.F. Witkowski, G.L. Hein, J.B. Campbell, K.J. Jarvi, R.C. Seymour, and J.A. Kalisch. 1994. Insect Management Guide for Nebraska Corn and Sorghum. Nebraska Cooperative Extension. Lincoln: University of Nebraska. EC94-1509-D. 13-18pp.

 2Wright, R.J., T.E. Hunt, J.F. Witkowski, B.D. Siegfried, and J.E. Foster. 2000. Choosing a Bt Transgenic Corn Hybrid. Nebraska Cooperative Extension. Lincoln: University of Nebraska. NebFacts NF00-409.
http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1049&context=extensionhist

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